What is periodontal Disease?

What Is Periodontal Disease:

Periodontal disease is called a "silent disease" because symptoms, especially pain, may not appear until advanced stages of the disease have progressed. Also, periodontal disease has been linked to many systemic conditions including cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis, preterm labor, cancers, and lung infections. Signs and symptoms include:

  • Red, swollen, and tender gums
  • Bleeding while brushing, flossing, or eating
  • Receding gums that are pulling away from the teeth which can cause them to look longer
  • Loose or mobile teeth
  • Pus between your gums and teeth
  • Sores in your mouth
  • Persistent bad breath
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures

If you notice any of these symptoms, be sure to contact us right away for a FREE consultation.

How Does Periodontal Disease Develop?
Many of us have been told during routine dental cleanings that we have developed gingivitis. Our body reacts to the bacteria buildup on our teeth and gum-line by having specialized cells infiltrate to the gums in order to kill the bacteria. Mildly swollen and bleeding gums are associated with the influx of inflammation below the gum line in gingivitis. Gingivitis is reversible with better oral hygiene. However, when left untreated gingivitis can progress to periodontitis/periodontal disease. While bacteria is the initiating event, other factors can be associated with the development of periodontal disease including:

Stress

  • Smoking
  • Genetics
  • Age
  • Other Systemic Conditions/Disease
  • Hormones
  • Certain Medicines
  • Grinding Teeth
  • Crowded Teeth, Braces, Bridgework

How Can I Prevent Periodontal Disease?
Routine dental exams, good oral hygiene, and care.